I. Registration of Animals.
The following rules shall govern eligibility for registration of
purebred Highland animals in the AHCA Herdbook. Owners of an animal to be
registered must be members of the American Highland Cattle Association.
A. Definition: Purebred shall mean Highland cattle of genotypic purity. It
includes animals meeting the requirements for registration of Section B. of this
1) All DNA typing must be done by a laboratory designated by AHCA and at a fee
set by AHCA.
B. Animals must meet the following requirements to be eligible for entry into
the AHCA Herdbook:
1) Animals born in the US which are the progeny of animals registered in the
2) Animals born in the US to a dam registered in the AHCA Herdbook but served
naturally or artificially in a foreign country, if proof is provided that the
sire is eligible for entry into the AHCA Herdbook.
3) Animals which have been imported into the US and
a. are registered in the Canadian HCS Herdbook or
b. are registered in the UK HCS Herdbook proper with no ancestors
registered in a grading-up appendix to the Herdbook proper of the Highland
Cattle Society since January 1, 1994. Additionally, the animal and all its
ancestors in a five generation pedigree must be properly registered in the
herdbook of their country of origin.
4) All bulls being registered must be DNA
typed prior to registration.
5) In the case of animals two years of age or older, the breeder must provide
satisfactory proof of parentage to AHCA. This proof requires the DNA test of the
individual to be registered and its sire and dam.
6) Animals born in the US which are the result of artificial insemination,
provided that the AHCA rules for AI are followed and any imported semen meets
the requirements for animals as specified in paragraph 3) above and the bull
that is the source of the semen is registered in the AHCA Herdbook.
7) Animals produced by the transfer of embryos or fertilized ova from cow to
cow, provided that the AHCA rules for embryo transplant are followed and any
imported embryos meet the requirements for animals as specified in sections I. B
8) AHCA reserves the right to require parental verification by DNA typing of any
animal, regardless of its registration status, if its parentage should be in
doubt. Parental verification may require that all possible parents, as well as
the animal in dispute, be DNA typed and shall be at the breeder’s expense and at
a laboratory and at a fee designated by AHCA.
9) All registered offspring resulting from matings wherein the dam was exposed
to more than one (1) sire over eight (8) months of age at the same time, whether
by natural or artificial mating; must be DNA typed for sire verification. Sire
verification requires that all possible sires, the animal in dispute and
potentially the dam, be DNA typed. Parental verification shall be done at the
breeder’s expense at a laboratory and at a fee designated by AHCA.
10) Cryptorchid (failure of one or both testicles to fully descend into the
scrotum) bulls may not be registered, shown or used as a sire for registered
11) Cloned animals may not be registered.
12) Postmortem animals may not be
C. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Board of Directors of AHCA may, in its
discretion and by exception, authorize the registration of an animal imported
into the US from any country if satisfactory proof is made of its purebred
D. Registration shall be restricted to cattle with these colors - black,
brindle, red, dun, silver, yellow, white and parti-color. Only parti-color
females may be registered, no bulls, and these animals must be DNA tested for
parentage. Additionally, parti-colored animals may not be shown at AHCA
E. AHCA may reject any registration request that uses herd or animal names or
markings it deems confusing, over-lengthy or otherwise inappropriate. Markings
i.e. tattoos, must be the assigned tattoo of the farm or ranch of birth and the
name of the animal should not reflect a farm or ranch name other than the one of
birth of the animal.
F. This rule shall have force and effect on the date of its approval by the
Board on January 21, 1995.
G. Notwithstanding the rules and procedures listed above, the Board of Directors
of AHCA may, in its discretion and by exception, authorize the registration of
an animal that could not comply with the AHCA rules and procedures due to
extenuating circumstances, if satisfactory proof is made of the extenuating
circumstances, and of its pedigree and purebred status.
H. When a bred cow is transferred who has been exposed to multiple bulls at the
same time, all potential sires must be DNA typed at the seller’s expense prior
to the transfer being processed by AHCA. The resulting calf will need to be
parent verified through DNA typing to be registered.
I. All DNA typing must be done by a laboratory designated by AHCA and at a fee
set by AHCA.
J. All registered Highland cattle owners are required to follow AHCA’s Updated
Policies on Registrations & Transfers. AHCA members and registered Highland
cattle owners have a duty to inform AHCA of issues that impact their ownership
of registered Highland cattle including divorce (threatened, pending or final),
death or changes to corporate entities which hold title. See Updated Policies on
Registrations & Transfers.
K. AHCA requires signatures on transfer applications from all non-member owners
who are selling or transferring registered Highland cattle (i.e. John and Jane
Doe listed as owners so both need to sign since they are non-members).
II. Affiliated Associations.
The American Highland Cattle Association encourages the formation of local
Highland associations to promote the breed, facilitate marketing in local areas
and foster fellowship among Highland breeders. A state or regional group wishing
to form a local association and affiliate may do so by obtaining approval of
AHCA's Board, paying such fee as the Board shall require and by following these
A. Breeders will be required to hold membership in the American Highland Cattle
Association for the purpose of registering cattle.
Eligible persons wishing to join a regional
association who are not members of AHCA may do so as an associate member.
An associate (non-voting) membership is intended for
informational and fellowship purposes only. It shall not qualify for board
representation as stated in Section II C.
B. All registrations and
transfers will be handled through the AHCA.
C. A regional
association may elect a representative to serve on the AHCA Board of Directors.
AHCA encourages continuity in these director positions by suggesting they be
elected for a minimum of two years but the term must not exceed six consecutive
years. Those nine regional associations with the highest AHCA membership will
have voting rights on the Board. Other regional associations may have input in
board proceedings but no vote on board actions.
D. Regional associations
must comply with all AHCA rules, regulations, by-laws and rulings. In the event
of a conflict, the decisions of the AHCA Board shall prevail.
E. Failure to comply
with these requirements may result in the regional association being terminated
by the AHCA Board if it determines that doing so is in the best interest of its
III. Marking. All animals
registered shall first be properly marked, with markings described on the
registry application. Each owner shall have an AHCA-approved herd designation of
1, 2 or 3 letters, and these plus the year of birth (number of the year or the
letter equivalent assigned by AHCA) and the unique number of the animal shall be
tattooed in the ear(s). AHCA recommends this order of placement:
herd designation + unique number + year.
WY14D = animal number 14 born on WY ranch in 1994
FE1494 = animal number 14 born on FE ranch in 1994
AHCA recommends placing the entire tattoo in the left ear.
A. If an animal has a tattoo that has the correct digits but is partially
unreadable, that animal must be re-tattooed by the owner (either current or
original) in a different lobe of the ear. You must contact AHCA for registration
paper correction. If an animal is found to have been tattooed in the wrong ear,
AHCA must also be notified for a correction to be made on the registration
B. If an animal has either no tattoo or the incorrect tattoo, then the original
owner (owner of the dam at the time she calved) must notify AHCA in writing. At
AHCA’s discretion, that animal may be subject to DNA testing if the parentage is
in doubt. Once the animal’s pedigree is verified then the animal may be tattooed
or re-tattooed and the papers changed to reflect the proper tattoo. The current
owner may be the person to do the new tattoo. You must contact AHCA for
registration paper correction.
C. In the event the inspection of a tattoo by a person authorized by AHCA
reveals that a tattoo is illegible or not in conformity with the registration,
the animal shall be barred from exhibition and/or sale and a written report made
to the office of AHCA by such representative for action to be taken as described
as in A or B above
A. Admission to and continuation of membership shall be conditioned on prompt
payment of dues and other fees owing AHCA. AHCA reserves the right to reject
membership applications if the Board determines this to be in the best interest
of the Association.
B. Whenever it is brought to the attention of the Board that a member has failed
to comply with the articles, by-laws or these rules, or has failed to pay sums
due AHCA, or has failed to follow recognized principles of good breeding
practice, or has submitted a false application for registration or transfer of
animals or has in any way acted in a manner injurious to the AHCA, its members
or third persons, the Board may require that member to respond to charges. If
the member does so and requests a hearing, the Board shall permit the member to
appear at the next board meeting or, alternatively, shall set a hearing before
one or more persons appointed by the President. At such meeting or hearing the
Board or the hearing member or members may hear and receive such information as
they deem relevant. If the Board concludes, after such meeting or after report
of such hearing, that the member has acted in such a manner as to justify Board
sanctions, the Board may suspend all or some portion of the member's membership
privileges or take such other action as it deems proper, including expulsion
A. All bulls which are the source of semen for the purpose of artificial
insemination must be DNA typed by a laboratory and at a fee set by the
Association. A record of their DNA types must be filed with the Association
before calves sired by such bulls shall be eligible for registration.
B. Each straw of semen must be identified and permanently labeled before
freezing. Identity must include the registered name and registration number of
the bull for the resulting calves to be eligible for registration.
C. Registration of calves produced by artificial insemination: Animals
resulting from artificial insemination are eligible for registration in the
Herdbook provided that:
1) the dam and, except in the case of artificial insemination where the semen
was imported into the U.S. prior to the coming into force of this provision, the
sire have been registered in the Herdbook; and,
2) All AI calves must be DNA typed prior to registration.
Embryo Transplant. The
following requirements shall apply to registration of calves resulting from
A. The sire must be DNA typed by a laboratory and at a fee set by AHCA.
B. The embryo transplant donor dam must be DNA typed by a laboratory and
at a fee set by AHCA.
C. DNA typing of the recipient dam may be required by the Association if
the DNA typing analysis of the calf is inconsistent. If the recipient dam is DNA
typed and cannot be excluded as the dam, the determination of eligibility for
registration shall be made by the Association after considering DNA typing data
as well as other available information.
D. DNA typing of the embryo transplant calf is required by the
Association. It must be done by a laboratory designated by AHCA and at a fee set
E. In the case of embryos collected outside the United States, the
genetic sire and dam must be eligible for registration in the Herdbook as
defined in I. B. 3) above.
F. The owner of record of the donor dam at the time of conception must be
identified as the breeder.
G. The owner of record of the donor dam at the time of conception will be
identified as the first owner, unless the calf is the result of a purchased
embryo or a pregnant recipient in which case the owner of the embryo or pregnant
recipient may be identified as the first owner.
H. Registration of embryo transplant offspring shall be made on the
regular registration form at the regular registration fee plus an additional fee
as determined by the AHCA Board of Directors. Each application must be
accompanied by the "AHCA Certification of Breeding and Embryo Transplant"
executed by the embryo transplant firm.
I. Calves conceived after the death of a donor cow shall be eligible for
registration provided the owner of record of the donor cow notifies the
Association in writing of the date of death and the number of embryos in
storage. Providing the cow is DNA typed and this rule is followed there is no
time limit on the use of the embryos after death.
J. Registration certificates issued to offspring of embryo transplants
shall be so designated.
VII. Dues. Dues shall be as
determined by the Board of Directors for both life and annual members and for
such other categories as the Board may determine. Life members may be asked to
make a voluntary contribution.
VIII. National Shows and Sales.
The Board may from time to time designate a National Show and/or Sale. Rules
for such shows and sales shall be adopted by the Board. Roll of Excellence (ROE)
participants must follow the IAFE National Code of Show Ring Ethics.
IX. Warranties. AHCA
makes no warranty whatsoever regarding the accuracy of the data published in its
Herdbook. Each person who seeks registration/transfer warrants the accuracy of
the information supplied to AHCA relating thereto. AHCA expressly denies that it
performs any independent research as to accuracy of information supplied to it.
X. Obligations. No person is authorized to incur obligations
for AHCA, or extend any sums belonging to AHCA, outside of the budget as adopted
by and approved by the Board or unless the Board specifically authorizes such
obligation or expenditure. Amounts allocated to items within the budget of a
program may, however, be modified by the program chairman for that program, upon
obtaining approval from the finance chairman as long as the total program cost
is not thereby exceeded.
XI. PRIVILEGES OF MEMBERSHIP. To be a voting member of AHCA, you need to
presently own or have previously owned Highland cattle or be an AHCA lifetime
Any person(s) joining or renewing membership in AHCA shall be deemed to agree to
dispute resolution in Denver County, Colorado. By becoming a member, said
member(s) agree that any and all disputes by and between members of the
Association and the American Highland Cattle Association shall be first
submitted to mediation in Denver County, Colorado. In the event good faith
efforts to resolve the dispute in mediation fails, the parties may resort to
litigation in the State Courts of Colorado, Denver County, Colorado.
The membership directory is intended as a communications tool for our members,
prospective owners and Highland enthusiasts and should not be used for personal
gain other than the marketing of Highland cattle and products.